Papers - 2010

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Pesticide & Ag Plastics Stewardship 10th Annual Conference
Stewardship Strategies and Tools
February 21-23, 2010 - Hyatt Regency Savannah 2 West Bay St Savannah Georgia USA 31402  

The Pesticide Stewardship Alliance promotes networking and cooperation among parties from around the world who work to improve stewardship efforts - increasing effectiveness and efficiency
through proper labeling, judicious application, proper handling of empty containers and waste minimization.

2010 TPSA Conference – Savannah Georgia – photos
Photo credit to Dr. Wayne Buhler, NCSU

WELCOME!

 

Welcome to Savannah and the 10th Annual Conference of The Pesticide Stewardship Alliance. It truly is great to have so many enthusiastic people from such diverse backgrounds gathered in one place with the same vision. TPSA is proud to facilitate such a gathering and very appreciative of its sponsors, who make this event possible through their generous financial contributions. Attendees to the conference representing industry, academia, state and federal government are from all over the United States and six foreign countries. We have enjoyed participation from the international community for a number of years now and are excited that this year is no different. Known as 'The Southern Belle of the Georgia Coast,' Savannah is enchanting, romantic, mysterious and intriguing. Anyone who visits here is immediately taken with her charm. Savannah was Georgia's first city, and has certainly remained one of the favorites of travelers throughout the years. What began as one of America's early colonies has developed into a city rich in history and culture. We hope you enjoy your time in Savannah. We are pleased with what we feel is a fantastic program put together by some very hard working people within TPSA.

Kevin W. Neal            Fred Gabriel
President TPSA         Board Chairman TPSA




Many Thanks to TPSA’s 2010 Corporate Sponsors!

 

   
The Pesticide Stewardship Alliance (TPSA) is a non-profit organization that brings together technical experts, researchers, pesticide applicators, regulators, educators, crop protection industry, hazardous waste industry, agricultural plastic recyclers, environmental and public health constituents, students and others to promote and support improvements in stewardship of pesticides and agricultural plastics in the United States and internationally.

PROGRAM DETAILS

SUNDAY - FEBRUARY 21, 2010

Sun

2-3:30p

TPSA Board Meeting (all are welcome)    Location: Scarbrough 3 (lobby level)

Sun

4-6p

Plenary: New Directions for Pesticides and Product Stewardship    Location: Harborside East (lower level)

Moderator: Kevin Neal, Pesticide Investigator, Office of the Indiana State Chemist, and President, TPSA

  • TPSA President’s Welcome
  • Keynote: New Directions at EPA for Pesticides and Product Stewardship
    Steven Bradbury (Bio)
    Dr. Steven Bradbury was named Acting Director of the Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) in January 2010, where he is responsible for the overall leadership and management of the pesticide programs under the authority of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA); the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA); the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 (FQPA); and the Pesticide Registration Improvement Act (PRIA). Dr. Bradbury has management and operational responsibilities over EPA’s largest Headquarters’ program office, with approximately 850 employees and a budget of about $150 million. Dr. Bradbury previously served as OPP’s Deputy Director for Programs since January 2009. From 2007 to 2008, Dr. Bradbury was Director of OPP’s Special Review and Reregistration Division, and from 2003 to 2007, he served as Director of OPP’s Environmental Fate and Effects Division. As Director of these two Divisions, Dr. Bradbury led risk managers who develop regulatory decisions in support of pesticide re-evaluation programs that meet statutory requirements of FFDCA/FQPA and FIFRA, and scientists who prepare pesticide drinking water exposure characterizations and ecological risk assessments. From 1999 to 2002, Dr. Bradbury was the Director of the Mid-Continent Ecology Division in EPA’s Office of Research and Development. Dr. Bradbury joined EPA in 1985 and has also served as Regional Scientist in EPA’s Denver Office, where he helped to establish the Agency’s National Regional Science Council. Dr. Bradbury has a B.S. in Molecular Biology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Toxicology and Entomology from Iowa State University
    , US EPA, Acting Office Director of the Office of Pesticide Programs
  • Panel: Pesticides and Product Stewardship
    • Jim Burnette, Director, Structural Pest Control and Pesticide Division, North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and President-Elect, American Association of Pesticide Control Officials (AAPCO)
    • Tamsin Ettefagh (Bio)
      Tamsin Ettefagh is currently the Vice President of Sales for Envision Plastics. Prior to Envision she was Division Sales Manager for KW Plastics, She has more than 20 years experience in the Recycling Industry from Collection on up to the reprocessing of Plastics. She attended Southern Methodist University and Texas ATM and majored in Communications. She serves on the Executive Board of the Association of Post Consumer Plastics Recyclers and also on the Technical Committtee for the APR representing HDPE as well as Wal-Mart’s Sustainability Committee. Envision currently makes bottle and extrusion grade Recycled HDPE and is one of the largest recyclers of HDPE Bottles. They supply color specific recycled resin through their patented process for color sorting HDPE. Envision also holds a Non Objection Letter for their recycled HDPE from the FDA.
      , Vice President, Envision Plastics
    • Liza Fleeson (Bio)
      Liza Fleeson currently serves as the Program Manager for the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services’ Office of Pesticide Services. In this position, she directs the statewide pesticide program which includes applicator certification, business licensing, product registration, inspection, complaint investigation, civil penalty assessment, and administration of environmental programs including pesticides disposal and container recycling. Liza is currently on the Board of Directors for the Association of Structural Pest Control Regulatory Officials and also serves as the Region 3 Representative to Full SFIREG. Other activities have included serving as an Officer with The Pesticide Stewardship Alliance (2006-2008). Throughout her career, Liza has worked in the area of environmental and public health in the Departments of Health, Corrections and Agriculture. Liza is a graduate of Florida State University having earned a Master of Public Administration and Bachelor of Science Degrees in both Biological Science and Science Education.
      , Program Manager, Office of Pesticide Services, Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (VDACS)
    • Dave Scott (Bio)
      Work Experience: - OISC Pesticide Administrator (1988 to present)
      -OISC Certification & Licensing Mgr. (1982 to 1988
      -OISC Pesticide Investigator (1978 to 1982)
      - Structural pest control service manager (1978)
      Education: -B.S. general sciences & biology, Purdue University (1977)
      Professional Associations/ Committees:
      -US EPA drift label language PR notice development committee (present)
      -ASPCRO Termiticide Label Review Committee (present)
      -Chair, AAPCO Off-Target Pesticide Movement Committee (present)
      -President Assn. of American Pesticide Control Officials (1996 to 1998)
      -President Assn. of Structural Pest Control Regulatory Officials (1991 to 1993)
      -Vice President, ASPCRO (1989 to
      -Secretary/Treasurer, ASPCRO (1987 to 1989)

      Personal: Wife: Karen
      Children (daughter: Samantha, age 21; son, Trevor, age 19) Life long resident of Lafayette, Indiana

      , Pesticide Program Administration Manager, Office of the Indiana State Chemist

Sun

6-8:30p

Opening Reception    Location: Windows (lobby level)

 
MONDAY - FEBRUARY 22, 2010

Mon

7-7:45a

Breakfast    Location Harborside East (lower level)

Mon

7-7:45a

Breakfast Roundtable with the TPSA Communication Committee    Location Harborside East (lower level)

Mon

8-8:30a

Plenary: Green Chemistry in Pesticide Development and Degradation
Location: Harborside East (lower level)
Moderator: Rob Denny (Bio)
Rob Denny, Arrowchase, Inc. has served as an environmental project manager since 1992. He is a resident of Lithuania. He immigrated to Vilnius, the capital, to completely reform the non-farm pesticide program for that nation as a condition of EU Membership. He is known internationally for his expertise in mitigating the impact of chemicals on public health and the environment and his association with pesticide stewardship. As Director of both State and Federal programs in the US, Mr. Denny developed key programs: including the first pesticide container recovery program, early obsolete pesticide disposal efforts, improved applicator safety training, pesticide off-target drift management measures, farm worker safety, pesticide label improvement, ground water and endangered species protection programs. As Director of the State of Maine agency, he implemented one of the first risk based registration programs in the US. As a consultant to the World Bank he served as project manager to develop environmental legislation for the Republic of Uzbekistan. Rob is currently an advisor to the Republic of Mozambique on a number of pesticide stewardship issues. Rob is the recipient of 10 environmental awards.
, Arrowchase Environmental Project Management
  • Keynote: Green Chemistry in Pesticide Development and Degradation Terry Collins (Bio)
    Terry J. Collins, Ph.D. is the Thomas Lord Professor of Chemistry at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) where he has taught since 1987. Professor Collins is one of the founders of the field of Green Chemistry. He is the Director of the Institute for Green Science at CMU and also an Honorary Professor at and Distinguished Alumnus of the University of Auckland in New Zealand and Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand. Among his many research awards is the 1998 Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award. Terry Collins has invented small molecule catalysts that activate natural oxidants such as hydrogen peroxide to clean water of numerous pollutants and pathogens. He developed the first university course in Green Chemistry starting in 1992. Collins writes and lectures widely about the importance and promise of chemists turning their prodigious inventive talents towards eliminating hazards from chemical products and processes.
    , Director, Institute for Green Science, Carnegie Mellon University
  • Panel: Green Chemistry Initiatives in the Pesticide Industry Andrew J. Goetz (Bio)
    Andrew Goetz has worked in the Agricultural Chemical industry for 20 years. He has been involved in the research and development of new products in the areas of biology, environmental fate, and regulatory. His current position is in regulatory stewardship and strategy which includes examing the exposure and risk for new uses and new active ingredients
    , Regulatory Stewardship and Strategy, BASF Corporation David I. Gustafson (Bio)
    Dave Gustafson is a Senior Fellow at Monsanto Company, where he serves as the Regulatory lead for Water Quality and Ag Sustainability. His academic training was at Stanford University and the University of Washington in Seattle, where he received his B.S. and Ph.D. degrees, both in chemical engineering. His research on the environmental challenges surrounding agricultural has now spanned nearly 30 years. The initial focus of his work was the development of new computer models for predicting the environmental behavior of crop chemicals, especially their potential impacts on water quality. Among the models he developed for this purpose is the GUS-Index, which is now used by regulatory agencies worldwide to determine the potential of pesticides to contaminate ground water supplies. In subsequent years, Dave developed new modeling approaches to pollen-mediated gene flow and the population genetics of insect and weed resistance. In 2007, Dave served as an inaugural member and theme lead for the Monsanto Fellows Climate Change Panel, which reported back to the company on the degree of scientific certainty in global climate modeling, and how it is likely to impact agriculture around the world. He now serves on various Monsanto teams looking at the new imperatives and constraints placed on agriculture by man-made global warming and other environmental challenges.
    , Senior Fellow, Monsanto Company

Mon

9:30-9:45a

Break

Mon

Concurrent Session 1
9:45-11:15a

1A. Pesticides: Emerging Regulatory Issues   Location: Scarbrough 1 (lobby level)
(i) National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES)
Moderator: Cary Hamilton, Pesticide Registration & Endangered Species Specialist, New Mexico Department of Agriculture

  • How State Pesticide Programs Can Support NPDES – Steve Cole (Bio)
    Steve Cole has been with the Georgia Department of Agriculture for 9 years and holds a Bachelor of Science in Wildlife and Fisheries Biology and Master of Science in Agriculture. For fun he loves to play sports of all types and is a novice guitar and mandolin player.
    , Georgia Department of Agriculture, Pesticide Section
  • NPDES Permitting System – Jay Ellenberger (Bio)
    Associate Director, Field and External Affairs Division Office of Pesticide Programs
    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    As Associate Director of the Field and External Affairs Division in EPA’s Office of Pesticide Programs, Mr. Ellenberger provides leadership in the development and implementation of national and international regulatory programs and policies to achieve protection of human health and the environment and promotion of safer pest control. Current leadership activities include pesticide spray drift technologies and policy, homeland security for the food and agriculture sectors and public health, pandemic flu planning, and developing EPA’s working relationships on pesticide issues with China and Latin America. Mr. Ellenberger holds undergraduate and graduate degrees from Pennsylvania State University, College of Agriculture.
    , Associate Division Director, US EPA Office of Pesticide Programs


(ii) Overview of Seed Treatment Issues
Moderator: Allan Hovis, Stewardship Issues, Bayer CropScience

  • Seed Treatment: Innovation Driven, Environmental Friendly, Committed to Plant Health – Jennifer Riggs (Bio)

    Jennifer Lynn Riggs, Product Development Manager, Bayer CropScience.

    Education: PhD in Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Texas A&M University, MS in Plant Health, BS in Biochemistry.

    Work history: 15 years of Seed Treatment Experience. 5 years at BCS, 10 years at Gustafson LLC. I started out as Plant Pathologist at Gustafson, then moved to Manager of the Basic Research and Discovery group, managed the Seed Technology Center at BCS NC and moved into a product development in 2007. Prior to Gustafson was an Assistant Professor at New Mexico State University in Las Cruces, NM

    Personal: Born in San Antonio, TX, have a daughter and son living in Dallas, TX I love being a grandmother to my 2 year old grandson. Die-hard NBA Fan, watch as many games as possible. Enjoy making jelly and breads.

    , Product Development Manager, Bayer CropScience

1B. Emerging End-Markets for Recycled Ag Films – Poster Presentations    Location: Harborside East (lower level) Moderator, Annie Macmillan, Toxicologist, Vermont Agency of Agriculture

  • EkoRoof Tiles
  • Rubber Sidewalks/Terrewalks
  • Think Plastics/Baleboard
  • Tiger Bullets (poster)
  • Ultimate Recycled Plastics

Mon

11:15a

Break

Mon

11:30a-1p

Awards Lunch & Member Meeting   Location Harborside East (lower level)

Mon

1-1:15p

Break before afternoon sessions

Mon

Concurrent Session 2
1:15-2:45p

Sessions 2A-8A: Workshop – Minimizing Spray Drift: Improving Application Efficacy & Communication
→ All Spray Drift Workshop Sessions are located in Scarbrough 1 (lobby level)
2A. Spray Drift Mitigation Label Statement: Recognizing Base Principles
   

Moderator: Carol Ramsay (Bio)
Carol Ramsay is the Pesticide Education Specialist at Washington State University and a consultant for the National Association of State Departments of Agriculture Research Foundation. She has worked in Pesticide Safety Education since 1987. Carol is responsible for the Urban IPM and Pesticide Safety Education Program in Washington State, serving both pre-license and recertification aspects. Carol is a founding member of the American Association of Pesticide Safety Educators and one of its Fellows. Carol serves on EPA’s Pesticide Program Dialogue Committee and has served as President for The Pesticide Stewardship Alliance.
, Washington State University

 

  • Empirical Data Used for Label Statements – Scott Jackson (Bio)
    Dr. Jackson is a Stewardship and Strategy Manager for BASF Corporation in Research Triangle Park North Carolina. He has worked in Industry for more than 20 years in various technical capacities. Scott is current chair of CropLife America’s Spray Drift Issue Management Team.
    , BASF
  • Efficacy and Drift: Recognizing the Conflicts – Scott Bretthauer, University of Illinois
  • Revising the ASABE S-572 Droplet Standard and Its Practical Use
    – Bob Wolf (Bio)
    Bob is currently a Professor and Extension Specialist in Application Technology at Kansas State University in the Biological and Agricultural Engineering Department. His appointment is split 80% Extension and 20% Research. He has been in this position for 11 years. Prior to that Bob was in a similar position which also included Pesticide Applicator Training responsibilities for 10 ½ years at the University of Illinois. Bob began his career as a Vocational Ag Teacher at Paris, IL, a position he held for 10 years. Bob’s main responsibility in his current job is to conduct an extension and research program in all areas of chemical/pesticide application with a particular emphasis on technology. He has a special interest in improving the efficiency of pest control applications to achieve maximum efficacy and minimize drift. Bob has concentrated his research program on evaluating nozzle technology for ground sprayers. He has also been very involved in working with the aerial application industry to improve the quality of applications made by agricultural aircraft.
    , Extension Specialist, Application Technology, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Kansas State University   WATCH THE VIDEOS

2B. Communicating Stewardship: A Mini-Workshop on Visual Communication of Pesticide Risk   
Location: Scarbrough 2 (lobby level)
Moderator: Lois Levitan, Department of Communication, Cornell University

  • Visual Communication of Pesticide Risk: A Mini Workshop
    – Cliff Scherer, Professor of Communication, Department of Communication, Cornell University
  • Communicating Local Pesticide Disposal Program Information to Consumers – Sandra Keil, Earth 911
  • TPSA International Project on Pesticide Container Disposal in Developing Countries
    – Don Mullins (Bio)
    Donald E. Mullins, Professor of Entomology, Virginia Tech. Primary responsibilities are research and teaching. He conducts research in several areas and teaches courses in the life sciences. Research programs in two general areas: insect physiology and biochemistry and pesticide disposal technology. Teaching: Course involvement includes: two undergraduate courses and three graduate courses. Time and effort is directed towards professional service that includes participation in Departmental, College, University committees and professional organizations. International service includes assisting in developing a quality assurance program (pesticide safety and mentoring a pesticide residue laboratory) in Mali, West Africa, and participation in various Integrated Pest Management research activities in West Africa.
    , Professor of Entomology, Virginia Tech
  • The Need and Approach for Visual Media in Support of Pesticide Container Stewardship
    – Rob Denny (Bio)
    Rob Denny, Arrowchase, Inc. has served as an environmental project manager since 1992. He is a resident of Lithuania. He immigrated to Vilnius, the capital, to completely reform the non-farm pesticide program for that nation as a condition of EU Membership. He is known internationally for his expertise in mitigating the impact of chemicals on public health and the environment and his association with pesticide stewardship. As Director of both State and Federal programs in the US, Mr. Denny developed key programs: including the first pesticide container recovery program, early obsolete pesticide disposal efforts, improved applicator safety training, pesticide off-target drift management measures, farm worker safety, pesticide label improvement, ground water and endangered species protection programs. As Director of the State of Maine agency, he implemented one of the first risk based registration programs in the US. As a consultant to the World Bank he served as project manager to develop environmental legislation for the Republic of Uzbekistan. Rob is currently an advisor to the Republic of Mozambique on a number of pesticide stewardship issues. Rob is the recipient of 10 environmental awards.
    , Arrowchase Environmental Project Management, Arrowchase Environmental Project Management
Joint session of Pesticide Disposal and Recycling tracks

Mon

2:45-3p

Break

Mon Concurrent Session 3
3-4:30p

3A. Spray Drift Management: Application Technologies and Realities   Location: Scarbrough 1 (lobby level)

Moderator: Bob Wolf (Bio)
Bob is currently a Professor and Extension Specialist in Application Technology at Kansas State University in the Biological and Agricultural Engineering Department. His appointment is split 80% Extension and 20% Research. He has been in this position for 11 years. Prior to that Bob was in a similar position which also included Pesticide Applicator Training responsibilities for 10 ½ years at the University of Illinois. Bob began his career as a Vocational Ag Teacher at Paris, IL, a position he held for 10 years. Bob’s main responsibility in his current job is to conduct an extension and research program in all areas of chemical/pesticide application with a particular emphasis on technology. He has a special interest in improving the efficiency of pest control applications to achieve maximum efficacy and minimize drift. Bob has concentrated his research program on evaluating nozzle technology for ground sprayers. He has also been very involved in working with the aerial application industry to improve the quality of applications made by agricultural aircraft.
, Kansas State University
  • Decision-Making Challenges for Aerial Application – Randy Hale (Bio)
    Randy Hale grew up in the Ag Aviation industry. His father R.W. Hale began Hale Dusting Service in 1955 near Corpus Christi, Texas. The company moved to its present location in 1962 when the local law enforcement officers decided to stop the “crop dusters” from using the county roads as landing strips. Randy began flying in High School and earned a private pilot license in 1977. It was either drive a tractor on the farm or mess with the airplanes, well the tractors just wasn’t fast enough. He started his Ag Aviation career in 1981 in a 600 Thrush and now flies the company’s Air Tractor 502. Randy became President of the company in 1991 after his father’s death. Randy is a long time member of the Texas AAA and NAAA and has been active in both. He served on the TAAA Board from 1994 - 2006 and was TAAA President in 1999.Service to the NAAA came next when he was named the TAAA representative to NAAA and also graduated from the Leadership Training class of 2000.Randy was elected NAAA Vice President in 2003 and was Honored to serve as President in 2006.Since his term as president ended Randy has represented NAAA ‘s interests in front of a variety of audiences including Government regulators , Ag Aviation groups, Politicians and International Organizations. He now serves as President of NAAREF and is a PAASS presenter for 2009-2010.
    , Hale Dusting Services
  • Where Applicators Really Get Their Weather Information – Dennis Gardisser, WRK of Arkansas

  • Air-Assisted Electrostatic Crop Spraying Halves Pesticide Total Environmental Load – S. Edward Law (Bio)

    Dr. Edward Law, Brooks Distinguished Professor of Biological & Agricultural Engineering, is director of the University of Georgia’s Applied Electrostatics Laboratory contributing 100+ refereed-journal publications researching various electrostatic spraying and coating processes over the past three decades…as well as 24 domestic and foreign patents. His electrostatics-related R&D achievements have been recognized by national and international awards including: Fellow in both the American Society of Agricultural & Biological Engineers (ASABE) and the Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE)… receiving from them 10 superior research publication awards; Lifetime Achievement Award of the Electrostatics Society of America (ESA).

     

     

    In 1996 Prof. Law was elected to membership in the National Academy of Engineering.

     

    , Applied Electrostatics Laboratory, Driftmier Engineering Center, University of Georgia, Athens GA    WATCH THE VIDEO


3B. Organizing and Implementing Agricultural Film Collection Programs    Location: Scarbrough 2 (lobby level)
Moderator: Lois Levitan, Recycling Ag Plastics Project, Cornell University

  • Collection and Processing of Waste Agricultural Film Mulch: A Case Study of a Pilot Program in Florida

    – Eugene B. Jones, Southern Waste Information eXchange    WATCH THE VIDEOS

  • The BigFoot Baler for Compacting Agricultural Plastics for Collection and Transport – Dennis Sutton (Bio)

    Dennis Sutton, Self employed manufacturers rep. for several plastic manufacturers for agricultural use Started selling ag plastics (mainly for vegetable production) in 1975---up to 15 million pounds per year instrumental in the development and promotion of two commercial plastic balers--Tiger Baler and Bigfoot Baler Current challenge is to make the recycle stream available to all plastic scrap producers which include mom and pop nursery, dairy, vegetable farmers, and boat marina's to name a few.
    , DLS Inc.    WATCH THE VIDEO

     

  • Think Plastics: An Ag Film Collection Program Organized by a Plastics Manufacturer

    – Chuck Sparks (Bio)

    Charles (Chuck) Sparks is the President and co-founder of Think Plastics Inc. In his more than 40 years in the plastics industry, Chuck has become known for his “hands-on” approach and his insatiable desire to experiment with new technologies and products. For two decades, Chuck worked with PC, nylon, ABS, PS, PE and PP, performing colour-matching, physical testing, and extruder operation and maintenance. In the late 1970’s Chuck and several partners launched a plastic recycling operation in Cambridge, Ontario, and eventually expanded into manufacturing. In the late 1980’s, Chuck founded his own equipment refurbishing company in Waterloo, Ontario, to fill a void in the North American plastics industry. For 20 years, he provided quality, customized machinery to the Canadian and U.S. markets, as well as consulting services for everything from start-up to R & D. He has worked with tire crumb and plastics, wood and plastics, and agricultural plastics deemed “not recyclable”. In 2003, Chuck produced the first Baleboard® sample from a small laboratory extrusion line, and the “Think Plastics” dream began. He developed customized manufacturing equipment which allows for some dirt content during processing of the scrap plastic, thereby eliminating the need for wash lines and water-usage. Chuck continues to experiment with other scrap plastics considered un-recyclable, with the goal of expanding the company’s collection program and increasing its line of finished products. The success of Think Plastics’ operation has gained international attention, and Chuck is also actively involved in discussions to franchise similar facilities across Canada and into the United States.

     

    , President, Think Plastics, Ontario CA    WATCH THE VIDEO

  • Genesis Poly: An Ag Film Collection Program Organized by a Plastics Recycler – John Schmitz, Genesis Poly, Maple Grove, MN


3C. Disposing of Obsolete Pesticides: Update from the States    Location:  Scarbrough 3 (lobby level)
Moderator: Kevin Neal, Pesticide Investigator, Office of the Indiana State Chemist

  • Larry Boyleston (Bio)
    Mr. Boyleston attended Clemson University. He graduated in 1973 with a BS degree in Agricultural Economics. After a brief stint in the work force, he returned to Clemson and completed a MS degree in Agricultural Economics in 1977. Mr. Boyleston has also completed the South Carolina Economic Developer’s School at College of Charleston and the Economic Development Course at Georgia Tech. Mr. Boyleston has extensive work experience in both the public and private sectors. He has owned and operated a fertilizer and farm supply business, worked as a manager of several operations for Gold Kist Inc. and headed up a statewide conservation project for the South Carolina Land Resources Commission. He has also served as Executive Director for the South Carolina Soybean Board and the South Carolina Soybean Association. He is a past president of the South Carolina Agricultural Council. Mr. Boyleston is currently Assistant Commissioner at the South Carolina Department of Agriculture and directs the Agricultural Services Division. The Agricultural Services Division consists of the Department’s marketing efforts, management of three state farmers markets and the grading and inspection service. He also assists Commissioner of Agriculture, Hugh Weathers, with agricultural policy, legislative issues and administration.
    , South Carolina
  • Tony Cofer (Bio)
    Tony Cofer began his career with the Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries as the Clean Day Coordinator for the State of Alabama 15 years ago. He now serves as the Division Director for Pesticide Management and Professional Services.
    , Alabama
  • Steve Cole (Bio)
    Steve Cole has been with the Georgia Department of Agriculture for 9 years and holds a Bachelor of Science in Wildlife and Fisheries Biology and Master of Science in Agriculture. For fun he loves to play sports of all types and is a novice guitar and mandolin player.
    , Georgia
  • Dale Dubberly (Bio)
    Dale is currently an Environmental Manager with the Florida Dept. Of Agriculture and Consumer Services and has 28 plus years in the regulation of Pesticides and over 10 years of experience with the Cleansweep program in Florida.
    , Florida

Mon

4:30-4:45

Break

Mon

Concurrent Session 4
4:45-6:15p

4A. Spray Drift: Current Regulatory Activity    Location: Scarbrough 1 (lobby level)
Moderator:  Dave Scott (Bio)

Work Experience: - OISC Pesticide Administrator (1988 to present)
-OISC Certification & Licensing Mgr. (1982 to 1988
-OISC Pesticide Investigator (1978 to 1982)
- Structural pest control service manager (1978)
Education: -B.S. general sciences & biology, Purdue University (1977)
Professional Associations/ Committees:
-US EPA drift label language PR notice development committee (present)
-ASPCRO Termiticide Label Review Committee (present)
-Chair, AAPCO Off-Target Pesticide Movement Committee (present)
-President Assn. of American Pesticide Control Officials (1996 to 1998)
-President Assn. of Structural Pest Control Regulatory Officials (1991 to 1993)
-Vice President, ASPCRO (1989 to
-Secretary/Treasurer, ASPCRO (1987 to 1989)

Personal: Wife: Karen
Children (daughter: Samantha, age 21; son, Trevor, age 19) Life long resident of Lafayette, Indiana

, Pesticide Program Administration Manager, Office of the Indiana State Chemist
  • Overview of EPA’s PRN Notice for Pesticide Drift – Cathryn O'Connell (Bio)
    Cathryn O’Connell has worked in the Office of Pesticide Programs, at EPA in the Pesticide Re-evaluation Division (previously named the Special Review and Reregistration Division) for five years, a majority of that time has been spent working on a number of projects including soil fumigants, pyrethroids, and spray drift issues.
    , Team Leader, US EPA Office of Pesticide Programs



    4B-C. Recycling Mini Bulk Containers:    Location: Scarbrough 2 (lobby level)
What's Happening and What Needs to Happen
Moderator: Nancy Fitz (Bio)

Nancy Fitz is a chemical engineer for the Office of Pesticide Programs in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. She has worked on policies and regulations regarding pesticide containers, containment, disposal, storage, and transportation for over 20 years. Nancy was the primary author of the Pesticide Container Report to Congress in 1992 and is the technical lead for the final pesticide container-containment regulations.

, Chemical Engineer, U.S. EPA Office of Pesticide Programs


Panelists:

  • Managing Mini Bulks Made Obsolete in 2011
    – Marty Fitzpatrick (Bio)

    Marty has an M.S. in Occupational & Environmental Health. He is a certified industrial hygienist. He has worked for BASF since 1978.

    , Manager Product Stewardship, BASF Crop Protection
  • ACRC's Involvement with Mini Bulk Recycling
    – J.D. Fish (Bio)
    Years of service with Bayer and its legacy companies - 29 years Professional experience – Career has been directed toward addressing all needs related to proper, efficient and safe use of ag chemicals with a commitment to product stewardship. Developed into a role of providing technical guidance and training to many functions within the company as well as to retailers and growers. Designed and developed several novel methods and devices for applying, measuring or handling ag chemicals. Developed good working alliances with ag chemical equipment manufacturers. Worked closely with associates and regulators to improve application methods needed to reduce risk to workers, environment or food safety. Professional Affiliation –
    36 year member of American Society of Biological and Agricultural Engineers
    30 year – Registered Professional Engineer in NC
    3 year – Executive Board Member of ACRC
    1 year – Board member – TPSA
    5 year – Sub Committee Chairman of Spray Drift Task Force.
    Previous employer - NC State University as Consulting Engineer - 7 years
    Other – Grew up on family farm in NC. Hard work on the farm let me know the value of a good education.
    Education - B.S. – Biological and Agricultural Engineering - 1974 NC State University
    , Application Technology Manager, Bayer CropScience
  • Pesticide Containers: Solving the IBC Handling and Recycling Puzzle
    – Steve Wiest (Bio)
    Steve Wiest has been with Crop Production Services, Inc. (CPS) for 12 years and currently holds the position of U.S. Market Segment Manager working within the chemical procurement group at the CPS headquarter office in Greeley, CO. His role serves to analyze segment profitability for both Crop & Non-Crop chemical markets, administers all pesticide repackaging agreements and coordinates a committee dedicated to 2011 refillable container compliance for CPS. He earned a Bachelor of Science in Landscape Architecture from The Pennsylvania State University, College of Art’s & Architecture.
    , US Market Segment Manager, Crop Production Services, Inc
  • North Carolina's Experience with Mini Bulk Recycling
    – Derrick Bell (Bio)

    Derrick Bell is the Program Manager for the North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services’ Pesticide Disposal Assistance Program. He has been with NCDA&CS since 1998.

    Prior to joining the public sector, Derrick was an Environmental Consultant and Project Manager for a local firm in North Carolina. His duties included all facets of environmental consulting from ESAs, to Soil-Groundwater Assessments and Remediation, to Hazardous Materials management.

    Derrick is a Graduate of NC STATE University, a Board-Licensed Professional Geologist, and a Certified Hazardous Materials Manager.

    , LG, CHMM, Pesticide Disposal Assistance Program, North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
  • Overview of EPA Project: Pilot Program to Collect and Recycle Non-Compliant Mini Bulk Containers
    – Margaret L. Jones (Bio)

    Margaret Jones is an Environmental Scientist with Region 5 (Chicago), U.S. EPA, Land and Chemicals Division where she assists the regulated community with pesticide registration procedures, data requirements and states with endangered species protection from pesticides. Margaret has the lead in Region 5 for implementation of the pesticide container and containment rule. In anticipation of upcoming C/C compliance activities, she is working on mapping pesticide producing facilities in the Region and Great Lakes Basin and organizing a pilot program to collect and recycle non-compliant Mini Bulk containers.

    , Environmental Scientist, Pesticides Section, US EPA Region 5

Joint session of pesticide disposal and recycling tracks


Mon

7-10p

Grand Reception for Participants and Guests   Location: Windows (lobby level)

 
TUESDAY - FEBRUARY 23, 2010

Tues

7-8:15a

Breakfast   Location Harborside East (lower level)

Tues

7:15-8:15a

Breakfast Roundtables   Location Harborside East (lower level)

Ag Container Recycling Council (ACRC) Pesticide Container Collection Services in East Coast States

Facilitated by Ron Perkins (Bio)

Ron Perkins has 40 years of experience in the waste management and resource recovery profession including fifteen years as the owner/operator of a solid waste management firm that implemented the first recyclable material collection systems in the Eastern United States. He has worked in the public and private sectors at state, national and international levels in the development of cost-effective and sustainable recycling system infrastructure.

In his current position as Executive Director, Ag Container Recycling Council (ACRC), he is responsible for managing a nationwide pesticide container stewardship program that provides pesticide users the opportunity to cost effectively recycle their empty containers while at the same time protecting public health and the environment.

, Executive Director, ACRC, and Sam Gibson, USAg Recycling, ACRC Contractor

 

International Participation in TPSA
Facilitated by Don Mullins (Bio)

Donald E. Mullins, Professor of Entomology, Virginia Tech. Primary responsibilities are research and teaching. He conducts research in several areas and teaches courses in the life sciences. Research programs in two general areas: insect physiology and biochemistry and pesticide disposal technology. Teaching: Course involvement includes: two undergraduate courses and three graduate courses. Time and effort is directed towards professional service that includes participation in Departmental, College, University committees and professional organizations. International service includes assisting in developing a quality assurance program (pesticide safety and mentoring a pesticide residue laboratory) in Mali, West Africa, and participation in various Integrated Pest Management research activities in West Africa.
, Professor of Entomology, Virginia Tech and Rob Denny (Bio)
Rob Denny, Arrowchase, Inc. has served as an environmental project manager since 1992. He is a resident of Lithuania. He immigrated to Vilnius, the capital, to completely reform the non-farm pesticide program for that nation as a condition of EU Membership. He is known internationally for his expertise in mitigating the impact of chemicals on public health and the environment and his association with pesticide stewardship. As Director of both State and Federal programs in the US, Mr. Denny developed key programs: including the first pesticide container recovery program, early obsolete pesticide disposal efforts, improved applicator safety training, pesticide off-target drift management measures, farm worker safety, pesticide label improvement, ground water and endangered species protection programs. As Director of the State of Maine agency, he implemented one of the first risk based registration programs in the US. As a consultant to the World Bank he served as project manager to develop environmental legislation for the Republic of Uzbekistan. Rob is currently an advisor to the Republic of Mozambique on a number of pesticide stewardship issues. Rob is the recipient of 10 environmental awards.
, Arrowchase Environmental Project Management

 

Tues

7:30, 7:50, 8:20a

Water Taxi Departs for the Golf Course Pesticide Stewardship and IPM Sessions
– Transportation provided by water taxi leaving from the Hotel to The Club at Savannah Harbor for sessions 5-7D, 8:30a-2:45p.

Tues

Concurrent Session 5
8:30-10a

5A. Spray Drift: Current Mitigation Measures   Location: Scarbrough 1 (lobby level)
Moderator: Scott Jackson (Bio)

Dr. Jackson is a Stewardship and Strategy Manager for BASF Corporation in Research Triangle Park North Carolina. He has worked in Industry for more than 20 years in various technical capacities. Scott is current chair of CropLife America’s Spray Drift Issue Management Team.
, BASF

 

  • Aerial Application Optimization: https://agsync.com/
    – Jim Gaffney (Bio)

    Jim Gaffney grew up on a farm in southwest Minnesota, attended grades 1 - 12 in scenic Redwood Falls, MN, and matriculated at the University of Minnesota. Upon graduation, he was received by the United States Peace Corps and assigned to an agriculture vocational-technical school in Cameroon, Central Africa. Upon returning from Africa, he completed his Masters degree in Plant Science at South Dakota State University in beautiful Brookings, SD, and a PhD in agronomy at the University of Florida in Gainesville. To his parents’ great joy, Jim finally landed his first paying job with American Cyanamid in Princeton, NJ, and has held numerous positions with BASF Corp since that time.

    .
    , BASF
  • Operation S.A.F.E for Spray Quality Performance/Web-based Decision-making
    – Dennis Gardisser, WRK of Arkansas
  • Drift Watch
    – Dave Scott (Bio)
    Work Experience: - OISC Pesticide Administrator (1988 to present)
    -OISC Certification & Licensing Mgr. (1982 to 1988
    -OISC Pesticide Investigator (1978 to 1982)
    - Structural pest control service manager (1978)
    Education: -B.S. general sciences & biology, Purdue University (1977)
    Professional Associations/ Committees:
    -US EPA drift label language PR notice development committee (present)
    -ASPCRO Termiticide Label Review Committee (present)
    -Chair, AAPCO Off-Target Pesticide Movement Committee (present)
    -President Assn. of American Pesticide Control Officials (1996 to 1998)
    -President Assn. of Structural Pest Control Regulatory Officials (1991 to 1993)
    -Vice President, ASPCRO (1989 to
    -Secretary/Treasurer, ASPCRO (1987 to 1989)

     

    Personal: Wife: Karen
    Children (daughter: Samantha, age 21; son, Trevor, age 19) Life long resident of Lafayette, Indiana

    , Pesticide Program Administration Manager, Office of the Indiana State Chemist

5B. Plastics to Oil and Fuel: Emerging Technologies, Regulatory and Economic Issues    Location: Scarbrough 2 (lobby level)
(Session 1 of 2—all presentations are listed in the 5B timeslot, in alphabetic order by presentation title)
These sessions will explore emerging technologies for converting waste plastic to crude oil, fuel and energy. Discussion will cover the processes used; whether and how they handle dirty, wet agricultural plastic film; the scale of operations the status of commercialization and implementation and regulatory and economic issues.

Moderators, Roger Springman, WI Department of Agriculture, and Jim Garthe, Pennsylvania State University

  • Agri-Plas to Crude: Progress, Trials and Tribulations in Commercializing this Technology to Convert Agricultural Plastic Waste to Plastic Resins
    – Mary Sue Gilliland (Bio)

    Vice President Operations and Business Development for Agri-Plas last 2 years

    Solid Waste Manager for Oregon Department of Environmental Quality 5 years

    25 years as a Mill Wastepaper Buyer and Material Recovery Facility Owner

    , Vice President for Development, Agri-Plas, Kizer OR
  • Balcones Fuel Technology Plastic-derived Fuel
    – Randy Wolf (Bio)
    Vice President, L&S Demolition Recycling and Business Development Manager – East, Balcones Fuel Technology. Wolf has spent 38 years in the paper manufacturing, recycling, waste hauling and alternative fuel production business. For the past 10 years Wolf has focused on alternative fuel production and fuel conversion technologies, working with companies like Kimberly-Clark, 3M, Wal-Mart and Toyota.
    , Vice President L&S Demolition Recycling and Business Development Manager-East, Balcones Fuel Technology, Conshohocken, PA
  • Plastofuel: Automating and Commercializing this WtE Process
    – Jim Garthe (Bio)
    James W. Garthe is an agricultural engineer at The Pennsylvania State University, where he conducts Extension programs and technology transfer research on recycling and solid waste management. Outside of Penn State, he has been a consultant for 15 years working in the area of mobile machinery accident investigations and agricultural machinery design and development. Prior to Penn State, he worked four years with FMC Corporation as a design engineer developing lawn and garden equipment, and also served as a supervisor in their experimental shop. He received his B.S. degree from Clemson University in 1971, and his M.S. from the University of Idaho in 1974, both in agricultural engineering. He served as a first lieutenant in the United States Army Reserve in field artillery from 1971 - 1979. He is a registered professional engineer and a certified recycling professional in Pennsylvania. He is married and has three children.
    , Agricultural Engineer and Instructor, Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Pennsylvania State University
  • Review of Korean Pyrolysis Technology: Waste Plastics to Energy/Steam, Waste Tires to Fuel, and Waste Plastics to Fuel
    – Eugene Jones, Southern Waste Information eXchange, Inc. (SWIX)
  • State-Level Perspective from Georgia on Regulation and Permitting of Fuel Technologies
    – David Lyle, Program Manager, Georgia Department of Environmental Protection, Savannah, GA
  • Wood Residuals Solutions: Using Agricultural Plastic as a Bio-Fuel Enhancer
    – Tom Talbot, President, Glen Oak Lumber and Wood Residual Solutions, Montello, WI

5C. Emerging Technologies for Destruction of Obsolete Pesticides and Residues    Location: Scarbrough 3 (lobby level)
(Session 1 of 2—all presentations are listed in the 5C timeslot
Obsolete pesticide recovery and disposal programs began in North America and Europe in the 1980's and early 1990's. This was when fossil fuels were inexpensive and global warming, not yet a widespread concern. Thus long-distance shipping for disposal by incineration was how it was done. Now is different: These sessions will showcase energy-efficient, innovative technologies under development and already in use around the world:

Moderator, Rob Denny (Bio)

Rob Denny, Arrowchase, Inc. has served as an environmental project manager since 1992. He is a resident of Lithuania. He immigrated to Vilnius, the capital, to completely reform the non-farm pesticide program for that nation as a condition of EU Membership. He is known internationally for his expertise in mitigating the impact of chemicals on public health and the environment and his association with pesticide stewardship. As Director of both State and Federal programs in the US, Mr. Denny developed key programs: including the first pesticide container recovery program, early obsolete pesticide disposal efforts, improved applicator safety training, pesticide off-target drift management measures, farm worker safety, pesticide label improvement, ground water and endangered species protection programs. As Director of the State of Maine agency, he implemented one of the first risk based registration programs in the US. As a consultant to the World Bank he served as project manager to develop environmental legislation for the Republic of Uzbekistan. Rob is currently an advisor to the Republic of Mozambique on a number of pesticide stewardship issues. Rob is the recipient of 10 environmental awards.
, Arrowchase Environmental Project Management
Introduction

 

  • The Mandate for Sustainable, Local Treatment and Destruction Technologies for Pesticides and other Persistent Organic Pollutants
    – Rob Denny (Bio)
    Rob Denny, Arrowchase, Inc. has served as an environmental project manager since 1992. He is a resident of Lithuania. He immigrated to Vilnius, the capital, to completely reform the non-farm pesticide program for that nation as a condition of EU Membership. He is known internationally for his expertise in mitigating the impact of chemicals on public health and the environment and his association with pesticide stewardship. As Director of both State and Federal programs in the US, Mr. Denny developed key programs: including the first pesticide container recovery program, early obsolete pesticide disposal efforts, improved applicator safety training, pesticide off-target drift management measures, farm worker safety, pesticide label improvement, ground water and endangered species protection programs. As Director of the State of Maine agency, he implemented one of the first risk based registration programs in the US. As a consultant to the World Bank he served as project manager to develop environmental legislation for the Republic of Uzbekistan. Rob is currently an advisor to the Republic of Mozambique on a number of pesticide stewardship issues. Rob is the recipient of 10 environmental awards.
    , Arrowchase Environmental Project Management
In Situ Residue Treatments

 

  • Enzyme Enabled Remediation of Pesticide Residues
    – Cameron Begley (Bio)

    Current Activities
    Mr Begley was appointed to the position of General Manager, Business Development and Commercialisation at CSIRO Entomology in 2005. In this role he oversees a broad portfolio of research areas, balanced between commercial and public benefit research.

    Mr Begley is involved in developing commercial partnerships and opportunities around industrial biotechnology and the broader opportunities emerging within the bio-based economy. This includes current research activities such as crop biofactories, development of input traits for transgenic crops, bio-remediation enzymes and bio-refinery technology platforms. He was also the chair of the CSIRO Bioeconomy Strategy Development Working Group.


    Background
    Mr Begley began his career in private industry where he spent 10 years at Dow Chemical and Akzo Nobel. During this time he was involved in technical and commercial aspects of a range of products, such as water treatment technologies (specifically ion exchange resins and membrane separation technologies) and polymer production technologies (such as organic peroxides and Ziegler Natta catalysts). In 2002 he moved to CSIRO Manufacturing and Infrastructure Technology (now CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering Division) where he was involved with the commercialisation of chemical engineering technologies , mainly fluid dynamics (such as mixing and separation technologies), hydrogen fuel cells and novel materials science (coating) technologies.


    Academic Qualifications
    Mr Begley has been awarded a:
    Bachelor of Engineering (Chemical) with Honours by the University of Melbourne
    Master of Business Administration (Executive) by the Australian , Graduate School of Management, The University of New South Wales
    Graduate qualification from the Australian Institute of Company Directors.

    , CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, Australia
  • Total Degradation of Pure and Formulated Organophosphorous Pesticides by Catalytic Oxidation with FeIII-TAML and H2O2
    – Soumen Kundu (Bio)
    B.S. (Chemistry Honors), 2003, Presidency College, Calcutta University, India
    M.S. (Chemistry), 2005, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India
    Joined PhD program (Chemistry), 2006, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA
    PhD Advisor: Dr. Terrence J. Collins
    , Carnegie Mellon University, USA
  • Remediation of Soils Impacted by Organochlorine Pesticides Using the DARAMEND® Technology
    – Andrzej Przepiora (Bio)
    Andrzej Przepiora is a senior hydrogeologist with EnviroMetal Technologies Inc. (ETI), a division of the Adventus Group, in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. He’s been with ETI since 1999 and his main responsibilities include initial data evaluation from potential remediation sites, development of field designs, chemical and groundwater modeling, onsite field installation support and performance monitoring data review. Before joining Adventus, Andrzej worked for 5 years as a research associate at North Carolina State University in the area of pesticide and suspended sediment transport in surface waters and groundwater. He received his M.Sc. in Geology from the Department of Geology and Geophysics at Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA.
    , Senior Hydrogeologist, EnviroMetal Technologies Inc., an Adventus Company
Extraction and Destruction Technologies

 

  • Practical Aspects of Phytoextraction: Six Years of Field Studies at Sites Historically Contaminated with Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
    – Barbara A. Zeeb, Royal Military College of Canada
  • The FRALMA Mobile Unit for the Destruction of Pesticides and PCB-Contaminated Oil
    – Norah Pierdant (Bio)
    Bachelor degree in International Relations plus MBA
    Founder and President of One World Consulting.
    Promoted Canadian green technologies in different industries (mining, oil, water clarification, alternative energy, hazardous materials) around the world (Latin American, Middle East, Europe markets)
    and Rene Cornellier (Bio)
    FRALMA Technologie's Founder and President
    - Mechanical/chemical engineer
    - Holder of many patents rights in robotics and mechanical equipment
    - Has developed sophisticated and specialized equipment to handle complex processes for companies like: Northern Telecom, Mitsubishi, Samsung, NASA, US Military Aerospace, Sanyo etc..
    , FRALMA Technologie Inc., Quebec and BC, Canada
  • Radicalplanet® Technology (RPT): Alternative Technology for Destruction of Obsolete Pesticides
    – Kaoru Shimme (Bio)
    Dr. Shimme is the President and founder of RadicalPlanet Research Institute and is the principal inventor of the RadicalPlanet planetary chemical milling technology. Kaoru Shimme was born in Kyoto Japan in 1947. In Kyoto University graduate school, he specialized in metallurgy. He completed his doctoral studies in metallurgy engineering while working for 22 years at the Iron & Steel Making Research Center. In addition to his expertise in metallurgy, Kaoru Shimme also studied Organic Chemistry at Doshisha University and taught environmental studies at his two alma maters and Tohoku University. In 1998, he published: “Challenge to Change the Negative Legacy into the Positive Resources” a textbook used in these courses.

     

    Dr. Shimme worked for 7 years as a research engineer at the Environmental & Energy Research Center, Sumitoma Metal Industries. As a researcher in the E & E Center, Dr. Shimme was introduced, by Professor P.G. McCormick, of Western Australia University, to the emerging technology of “mechanochemical destruction” (MCD) of POP’s contaminated soils. Dr. Shimme began putting his metallurgical, chemical, and engineering experience in practice, and his philosophy of changing negative legacies into positive resources; when he founded in 2003, the RadicalPlanet Institute. His RPT Mechanochemical Method and current E-200 device, is the world’s largest planetary mill, capable of destroying POP’s in soils and pure chemicals.

    , President, Radicalplanet Technology Research Institute Co. Ltd., Nagoya-City, Japan

5D. Golf Course Pesticide Stewardship and IPM    Location: The Club at Savannah Harbor, access via water taxi
(Session 1 of 3, including lunch—all presentations listed in the 5D timeslot)

Moderator, Kevin Neal, Office of the Indiana State Chemist.

  • Perceptions and Reality: Pesticide Use on Golf Courses
    – Clint Waltz (Bio)
    Clint Waltz joined the University of Georgia turfgrass team in September 2001 as a Turfgrass Extension Specialist. Clint is located on the UGA – Griffin Campus and has state-wide program leadership responsibilities in all turfgrass management areas, including turfgrass water management.
    , University of Georgia Turf Grass Management
  • Pesticide Law Enforcement, Indiana Golf Course Case Study
    – Joe Becovitz (Bio)
    Education:
    1977 to 1980, attended Purdue University in horticulture
    1989, completed National Certified Investigator Training offered by the Law Training Institute
    1991, completed Advanced National Certified Investigator Training

    Work:
    1980-1987, owner of a pesticide application business
    1987-1991, pesticide investigator for the Office of Indiana State Chemist
    1991 to present, Pesticide Program Specialist for the Office of Indiana State Chemist

    Personal:
    Married (wife: Gina)
    Children (daughter: Christa)
    Resident of Indianapolis since 1987. Current interests include following Purdue sports, golf and rehabbing houses.
    , Pesticide Program Specialist, Office of Indiana State Chemist
  • Golf Course Pesticide Application Practices and Use; Highlights from GCSAA's Golf Course Environmental Profile
    – Clark Throssell (Bio)
    Clark Throssell, Ph.D., is Director of Research for the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America (GCSAA). He leads a competitive grants program that funds scientists to conduct applied agronomic, environmental and regulatory research to benefit golf course superintendents. In addition, Clark is a technical reviewer for the research section of Golf Course Management magazine. He is GCSAA’s liaison to the turfgrass scientific community and represents GCSAA on several turf industry committees.
    , GCSAA Director of Research
  • Pesticides and the Pros Preparing for PGA Event, IPM in the USGA
    – Lynn Childress, Course Superintendent, The Club at Savannah Harbor. After lunch, Lynn will lead a tour of the facility.
  • State-Level Perspective from Georgia on Regulation and Permitting of Fuel Technologies – David Lyle, Program Manager, Georgia Department of Environmental Protection, Savannah, GA
  • Wood Residuals Solutions: Using Agricultural Plastic as a Bio-Fuel Enhancer – Tom Talbot, President, Glen Oak Lumber and Wood Residual Solutions, Montello, WI

Tues

10-10:15a

Break 

Tues

Concurrent Session 6
10:15-11:45a

6A. Constructing Desirable and Practical Label Statements for Spray Drift Mitigation – a Facilitated Discussion
Location: Scarbrough 1 (lobby level)
Moderator: Jay Ellenberger (Bio)

Associate Director, Field and External Affairs Division Office of Pesticide Programs
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
As Associate Director of the Field and External Affairs Division in EPA’s Office of Pesticide Programs, Mr. Ellenberger provides leadership in the development and implementation of national and international regulatory programs and policies to achieve protection of human health and the environment and promotion of safer pest control. Current leadership activities include pesticide spray drift technologies and policy, homeland security for the food and agriculture sectors and public health, pandemic flu planning, and developing EPA’s working relationships on pesticide issues with China and Latin America. Mr. Ellenberger holds undergraduate and graduate degrees from Pennsylvania State University, College of Agriculture.
, US EPA

 

  • Wind Direction and Speed
    – Dave Scott (Bio)
    Work Experience: - OISC Pesticide Administrator (1988 to present)
    -OISC Certification & Licensing Mgr. (1982 to 1988
    -OISC Pesticide Investigator (1978 to 1982)
    - Structural pest control service manager (1978)
    Education: -B.S. general sciences & biology, Purdue University (1977)
    Professional Associations/ Committees:
    -US EPA drift label language PR notice development committee (present)
    -ASPCRO Termiticide Label Review Committee (present)
    -Chair, AAPCO Off-Target Pesticide Movement Committee (present)
    -President Assn. of American Pesticide Control Officials (1996 to 1998)
    -President Assn. of Structural Pest Control Regulatory Officials (1991 to 1993)
    -Vice President, ASPCRO (1989 to
    -Secretary/Treasurer, ASPCRO (1987 to 1989)

     

    Personal: Wife: Karen
    Children (daughter: Samantha, age 21; son, Trevor, age 19) Life long resident of Lafayette, Indiana

    , Pesticide Program Administration Manager, Office of the Indiana State Chemist
  • Temperature Inversions – Carol Ramsay (Bio)
    Carol Ramsay is the Pesticide Education Specialist at Washington State University and a consultant for the National Association of State Departments of Agriculture Research Foundation. She has worked in Pesticide Safety Education since 1987. Carol is responsible for the Urban IPM and Pesticide Safety Education Program in Washington State, serving both pre-license and recertification aspects. Carol is a founding member of the American Association of Pesticide Safety Educators and one of its Fellows. Carol serves on EPA’s Pesticide Program Dialogue Committee and has served as President for The Pesticide Stewardship Alliance.
    , Washington State University
  • Buffers and No Spray Zones – Gail Amos (Bio)
    Investigator: Specializing in herbicide symptomology on non-target crops
    Washington State Department of Agriculture Assigned to the counties around the Tri-Cities, Washington located in south central Washington -the most pesticide regulated area of the state with the most political pesticide issues
    , Washington State Department of Agriculture

6B. Plastics to Oil and Fuel: Emerging Technologies, Regulatory and Economic Issues
Location: Scarbrough 2 (lobby level)
(continuation of Session 5B)


6C. Emerging Technologies for Destruction of Obsolete Pesticides and Residues
Location: Scarbrough 3 (lobby level)
(continuation of Session 5c)


6D. Golf Course Pesticide Stewardship and IPM
Location: The Club at Savannah Harbor, access via water taxi
(continuation of Session 5d)

Tues

11:45-noon

Break

Tues

Noon-1p

Lunch    Location Harborside East (lower level) or at the Club at Savannah Harbor

Tues

1-1:15p

Break

Tues

Concurrent Session 7
1:15-2:45p

7A. Obtaining Efficacy and Drift Reduction    Location: Scarbrough 1 (lobby level)
Moderator: Gail Amos (Bio)

Investigator: Specializing in herbicide symptomology on non-target crops
Washington State Department of Agriculture Assigned to the counties around the Tri-Cities, Washington located in south central Washington -the most pesticide regulated area of the state with the most political pesticide issues
, Washington State Department of Agriculture

 

Applicator Tools for Optimizing Coverage, Minimizing Drift

EPA’s Drift Reduction Technology: Status of Process
– Jay Ellenberger (Bio)

Associate Director, Field and External Affairs Division Office of Pesticide Programs
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
As Associate Director of the Field and External Affairs Division in EPA’s Office of Pesticide Programs, Mr. Ellenberger provides leadership in the development and implementation of national and international regulatory programs and policies to achieve protection of human health and the environment and promotion of safer pest control. Current leadership activities include pesticide spray drift technologies and policy, homeland security for the food and agriculture sectors and public health, pandemic flu planning, and developing EPA’s working relationships on pesticide issues with China and Latin America. Mr. Ellenberger holds undergraduate and graduate degrees from Pennsylvania State University, College of Agriculture.

 

, Associate Division Director, US EPA Office of Pesticide Programs

7B. Industry-Driven Product Stewardship: How Could It Work?    Location: Scarbrough 2 (lobby level)
Moderator: Lois Levitan, Recycling Ag Plastics Project, Cornell University

  • Integrated Horticultural Alliance: Recycling Nursery Containers – Joe Farinacci, IHA
  • Industry Engagement in the Earth 911 Product Stewardship Model – Sandra Keil, Earth 911
  • Perspective of the Plastic Mulch Manufacturing Industry -- Dennis Sutton (Bio)
    Dennis Sutton, Self employed manufacturers rep. for several plastic manufacturers for agricultural use Started selling ag plastics (mainly for vegetable production) in 1975---up to 15 million pounds per year instrumental in the development and promotion of two commercial plastic balers--Tiger Baler and Bigfoot Baler Current challenge is to make the recycle stream available to all plastic scrap producers which include mom and pop nursery, dairy, vegetable farmers, and boat marina's to name a few.
    , Film Tek Corp., subsidiary of the Sigma Plastics Group
  • Perspective of a Plastics Recycler – Tamsin Ettefagh (Bio)
    Tamsin Ettefagh is currently the Vice President of Sales for Envision Plastics. Prior to Envision she was Division Sales Manager for KW Plastics, She has more than 20 years experience in the Recycling Industry from Collection on up to the reprocessing of Plastics. She attended Southern Methodist University and Texas ATM and majored in Communications. She serves on the Executive Board of the Association of Post Consumer Plastics Recyclers and also on the Technical Committtee for the APR representing HDPE as well as Wal-Mart’s Sustainability Committee. Envision currently makes bottle and extrusion grade Recycled HDPE and is one of the largest recyclers of HDPE Bottles. They supply color specific recycled resin through their patented process for color sorting HDPE. Envision also holds a Non Objection Letter for their recycled HDPE from the FDA.
    , Vice President, Envision Plastics

7D. Golf Course Pesticide Stewardship and IPM
Location: The Club at Savannah Harbor, access via water taxi
(continuation of Session 5D)

Tues

2:45-3p

Break

Tues

Concurrent Session 8
3-4:30p

8A. Action Plan to Move Ahead on Spray Drift Mitigation
Location: Scarbrough 1 (lobby level)
Roundtable facilitated by Carol Ramsay (Bio)

Carol Ramsay is the Pesticide Education Specialist at Washington State University and a consultant for the National Association of State Departments of Agriculture Research Foundation. She has worked in Pesticide Safety Education since 1987. Carol is responsible for the Urban IPM and Pesticide Safety Education Program in Washington State, serving both pre-license and recertification aspects. Carol is a founding member of the American Association of Pesticide Safety Educators and one of its Fellows. Carol serves on EPA’s Pesticide Program Dialogue Committee and has served as President for The Pesticide Stewardship Alliance.
, Washington State University

 


8B. “TPSA Approved”: The Role of Standards/Certification and Green Purchasing in Moving Ag Plastic Markets Forward
Location:  Scarbrough 3 (lobby level)
Roundtable facilitated by Roger Springman, Wisconsin Department of Agriculture


8C. Update on Implementing US EPA’s Pesticide Container-Containment Regulations
Location: Scarbrough 1 (lobby level)
Panel discussion moderated by Liza Fleeson (Bio)

Liza Fleeson currently serves as the Program Manager for the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services’ Office of Pesticide Services. In this position, she directs the statewide pesticide program which includes applicator certification, business licensing, product registration, inspection, complaint investigation, civil penalty assessment, and administration of environmental programs including pesticides disposal and container recycling. Liza is currently on the Board of Directors for the Association of Structural Pest Control Regulatory Officials and also serves as the Region 3 Representative to Full SFIREG. Other activities have included serving as an Officer with The Pesticide Stewardship Alliance (2006-2008). Throughout her career, Liza has worked in the area of environmental and public health in the Departments of Health, Corrections and Agriculture. Liza is a graduate of Florida State University having earned a Master of Public Administration and Bachelor of Science Degrees in both Biological Science and Science Education.
, Program Manager, Office of Pesticide Services, Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (VDACS)

 

Applicator Tools for Optimizing Coverage, Minimizing Drift

 

  • EPA’s Pesticide Container-Containment Regulations – Nancy Fitz (Bio)
    Nancy Fitz is a chemical engineer for the Office of Pesticide Programs in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. She has worked on policies and regulations regarding pesticide containers, containment, disposal, storage, and transportation for over 20 years. Nancy was the primary author of the Pesticide Container Report to Congress in 1992 and is the technical lead for the final pesticide container-containment regulations.
    , Chemical Engineer, US EPA Office of Pesticide Programs
Implementing the Pesticide Containment Regulations: Presentation and Discussion

 

  • Implementation of the New Pesticide Containment Regulations in Virginia
    – Jeff Rogers (Bio)
    Environmental Program Planner: Responsible for planning, coordinating and monitoring the development of statewide pesticide programs to conform to federal/state laws and policies, regulations and guidelines. This position administers the water quality, pesticide disposal, pesticide container recycling, pesticide survey, endangered species programs, and container containment rule; coordinates the preparation, submission, monitoring and administration of OPS' federal grants (EPA Region III and USDA Pesticide Recordkeeping Program); and assists the OPS Program Manager with budget preparation, monitoring of revenues and expenditures, and special projects as needed.
    , Environmental Program Planner, Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (VDACS)
Implementing the Pesticide Container Regulations: Presentations and Discussion

 

  • Responsible Registrants Working via CropLife America to Implement the Container-Containment Rule
    – Marty Fitzpatrick (Bio)

    Marty has an M.S. in Occupational & Environmental Health. He is a certified industrial hygienist. He has worked for BASF since 1978.

    , Manager Product Stewardship, BASF Crop Protection
  • Revising Repackaging Agreements to Comply with the Container-Containment Regulations
    – J.D. Fish (Bio)
    Years of service with Bayer and its legacy companies - 29 years Professional experience – Career has been directed toward addressing all needs related to proper, efficient and safe use of ag chemicals with a commitment to product stewardship. Developed into a role of providing technical guidance and training to many functions within the company as well as to retailers and growers. Designed and developed several novel methods and devices for applying, measuring or handling ag chemicals. Developed good working alliances with ag chemical equipment manufacturers. Worked closely with associates and regulators to improve application methods needed to reduce risk to workers, environment or food safety. Professional Affiliation –
    36 year member of American Society of Biological and Agricultural Engineers
    30 year – Registered Professional Engineer in NC
    3 year – Executive Board Member of ACRC
    1 year – Board member – TPSA
    5 year – Sub Committee Chairman of Spray Drift Task Force.
    Previous employer - NC State University as Consulting Engineer - 7 years
    Other – Grew up on family farm in NC. Hard work on the farm let me know the value of a good education.
    Education - B.S. – Biological and Agricultural Engineering - 1974 NC State University
    , Application Technology Manager, Bayer CropScience
  • Container-Containment “Rules to Reality” for Retail Dealerships
    – Ed Cranson (Bio)
    Ed works as an Environmental, Health and Safety Manager for the J.R. Simplot Company, supporting EH&S functions for Simplot Grower Solutions, the Ag Retail Division of the J.R. Simplot Company. An important aspect of Ed’s activities is to maintain agency interaction and participate with local, state and federal departments to remain compliant with EPA, DOT, OSHA, and Homeland Security guidelines. At Simplot and as a TPSA Board Member affiliate for end users of pesticides, Ed works to participate in the regulatory process to support sustainable guidelines for the responsible care of our environment and ensure that new rules are achievable for the Retail Agricultural Fertilizer and Chemical industry, manufactures, agencies, and the crop producer.
    , Environmental, Health and Safety Manager, J.R. Simplot Company

Tues

5p onwards

Off-site event at Paula Dean’s restaurant, “The Lady & Sons” at the corner of Congress and Whittaker Streets






 

 

PROGRAM OVERVIEW
TPSA Pesticide and Ag Plastic Stewardship Conference – February 21-23, 2010

Hyatt Regency Savannah—2 West Bay St, Savannah Georgia USA 31402

Location of
Concurrent Sessions:
A:
Scarbrough 1 (lobby level
B:
Scarbrough 2, unless otherwise noted
C:
Scarbrough 3, unless otherwise noted
D:
Golf Course
SUNDAY - FEBRUARY 21, 2010
2-3:30p
TPSA Board Meeting (all are welcome) Location: Scarbrough 3 (lobby level)  
4-6p
Plenary #1
Location: Harborside East (lower level)
  • TPSA President’s Welcome: Kevin Neal, Office of the Indiana State Chemist
  • Keynote: New Directions at EPA for Pesticides and Product Stewardship
    Steven Bradbury, US EPA, Acting Office Director of the Office of Pesticide Programs
  • Panel: Pesticides and Product Stewardship
 
6-8:30p
Opening Reception Location: Windows (lobby level)  
MONDAY - FEBRUARY 22, 2010
7-7:45a
Breakfast & Roundtable Roundtable: TPSA Communication Committee Meeting  
8-9:30a

Plenary #2

Location: Harborside E
  • Keynote: Green Chemistry in Pesticide Development and Degradation Terry Collins, Director, Institute for Green Science, Carnegie Mellon University
  • Panel: Green Chemistry Initiatives in the Pesticide Industry
 
9:30-9:45a
Break  
9:45-11:15a

Concurrent
Session #1

Pesticides:
Emerging Regulatory Issues:

(i) National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES)
(ii) Overview of Seed Treatment Issues
Emerging End-Markets for Recycled Ag Films – Poster Presentations Pesticides: Emerging Regulatory Issues

Joint session of Pesticide Disposal & Spray Drift tracks

 
11:15a
Break  
11:30a-1p
Awards Lunch & Member Meeting Location: Harborside East  
1-1:15p
Break  
1:15-2:45p

Concurrent
Session #2

Workshop – Sessions 2-8
Minimizing Spray Drift: Improving  Application Efficacy & Communication

Spray Drift Mitigation Label Statement: Recognizing Base Principles

Communicating Stewardship: A Mini-Workshop in Visual Communication of Pesticide Risk


Joint session of Pesticide Disposal & Recycling tracks
 
2:45-3p
Break  

3-4:30p

Concurrent
Session #3
Spray Drift Management: Application Technologies and Realities Organizing and Implementing Agricultural Film Collection Programs Disposing of Obsolete Pesticides: Update from the States  
4:30-4:45p Break  
4:45-6:15p Concurrent
Session #4

Spray Drift: Current Regulatory Activity

Recycling Mini Bulk Containers:
What's Happening and What Needs to Happen


Joint session of Pesticide Disposal & Recycling tracks

 
7-10p
Grand Reception for Participants and Guests Location: Windows (lobby level)  
TUESDAY - FEBRUARY 23, 2010
7-8:15a

7:15-8:15a
Breakfast

Roundtables
  Roundtable: Ag Container Recycling Council (ACRC) Pesticide Container Collection Services in East Coast States Roundtable: International Participation in TPSA  
8:30-10a
Concurrent
Session #5
Spray Drift: Current Mitigation Measures Plastics to Oil and Fuel: Emerging Technologies, Regulatory and Economic Issues  (Session 1 of 2) Emerging Technologies for Destruction of Obsolete Pesticides and Residues  (Session 1 of 2)

Golf Course Pesticide Steward-ship and IPM
Location:
The Club at Savannah Harbor (including lunch)

Transport from hotel provided by water taxi
10-10:15a
Break
10:15-11:45a
Concurrent Session #6 Constructing Desirable and Practical Label Statements for Spray Drift Mitigation – a Facilitated Discussion Plastics to Oil and Fuel: Emerging Technologies, Regulatory and Economic Issues (Session 2 of 2) Emerging Technologies for Destruction of Obsolete Pesticides and Residues (Session 2 of 2)
11:45-noon
Break
noon-1p
Lunch Location: Harborside East (lower level)  
1:15-2:45p
Concurrent
Session #7
Obtaining Efficacy and Drift Reduction Industry-Driven Product Stewardship: How Could It Work?    
2:45-3p
Break  
3-4:30p
Concurrent
Session #8
Roundtable: Action Plan to Move Ahead on Spray Drift Mitigation Roundtable: “TPSA Approved”: The Role of Standards/Certification and Green Purchasing in Moving Ag Plastic Markets Forward Update on Implementing US EPA’s Pesticide Container-Containment Regulations: Panel Discussion  
5p onward Off-site event at Paula Dean’s restaurant, “The Lady & Sons” at the corner of Congress and Whittaker Streets  




POSTER and PRESENTATION ABSTRACTS
Listed alphabetically by name of the presenting author (name in caps)
TPSA Pesticide and Ag Plastic Stewardship Conference – February 21-23, 2010
Hyatt Regency Savannah—2 West Bay St, Savannah Georgia USA 31402 

Authors Scott, Colin and Cameron BEGLEY, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, Australia [Email: Cameron.Begley@csiro.au]
Title Enzyme Enabled Remediation of Pesticide Residues  
Abstract

There are increasing concerns from both regulators and consumers around the world about residues of synthetic pesticides and herbicides in environmental and potable water and on horticultural commodities. A variety of remediation strategies have been tried, with variable levels of success, depending on the specifics of the contamination problem. However there have been no satisfactory remediation solutions for removing residues from contaminated waters, such as can be generated in the run-off from irrigated agriculture, animal and commodity dips etc.

To address this need we have been developing a free-enzyme bioremediation technology which uses the catalytic efficiency and specificity of certain enzymes to deliver cost effective contaminant detoxification. Unlike other (microbial) bioremediation technologies, free-enzyme bioremediation is not dependent upon the growth of intact organisms, so the rate of detoxification is directly linked to the catalytic properties of the enzyme employed and the concentration of enzyme applied. Equally, the lack of reliance on whole organisms allows the use of modern enzyme engineering techniques to optimise the enzymes for the purpose, without requiring the release of genetically modified organisms. We have developed enzymes for several pesticides and herbicides and shown them to be fit for purpose in large-scale field trials. The first of them, for organophosphate insecticides, is now being used commercially in some jurisdictions. We will summarise some of the key technical and commercial issues involved in developing and deploying free-enzyme bioremediants for a range of applications.

Session 5-6C
   
Authors BROOKER, Deborah, OMAFRA, Ontario, Canada [Email: Deborah.Brooker@ontario.ca]
Title Options for Building an On-going Collection and Disposal Program for Unwanted Agricultural Pesticides and Animal Health Care Products In Ontario – Results of a Pilot Project and Feasibility Study
Abstract

Pesticide collection programs have been supported by industry and government partners in Canada for over 10 years. In 2009, CropLife Canada partnered with a diverse group of industry associations and the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs to run a 3 day collection and disposal program for both unwanted pesticides and veterinary medicines as a free service to farmers. The 2009 initiative also included a feasibility study on options to establish an on-going program in Ontario that would provide a low cost, efficient, environmentally responsible system for farmers to collect and dispose of their unwanted pesticides and animal health care products.

Session Poster
   
Authors COLLINS, Terrence
Director, Institute for Green Chemistry, Carnegie Mellon University,
4400 Fifth Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA
[Email: tc1u@andrew.cmu.edu]
Title Green Chemistry in Pesticide Development and Degradation
Abstract
  • How will green chemistry impact the "teaching" of the next generation of chemists/chem engineers, etc?
  • How can Green Chemistry make the production of pesticides more eco friendly. For instance much of the world's environmental loading from pesticides takes place due to the number of intermediaries that need treatment or disposal in the manufacturing phase. What to do?
  • Can Green Chemistry help design pesticides that more specifically target just the intended pest and self destruct when the job is done?
  • Using Green Chemistry to manage energy and water consumption, fertilization and more on farms.
Session Keynote
   
Authors DENNY, Robert L.
Arrowchase Environmental Project Management, Vilnius, Lithuania
[Email: rdenny@arrowchase.com]
Title The Need and Approach for Visual Media in Support for Pesticide Container Stewardship
Abstract

A few years ago, the FAO saw the need to develop more uniform guidance on pesticide container stewardship, correctly recognizing container-handling challenges to human health, but also the creation of a “model” for container stewardship around the globe. The predominantly text 2008 Guidelines on Management Options for Empty Pesticide Containers normalizes the FAO ideals for empty pesticide container stewardship. Implementing this Code of Conduct is now a task before the world community. In some instances, this is not difficult; in other regions of the world it is not as easy. If a significant number of pesticide handlers cannot adequately read the FAO Code or any textural training materials, then environmental health remains a challenge. For example, of approximately 195 nations, 10 of the countries with the highest levels of illiteracy are disproportionately located in Equatorial or Central Africa and most of these nations have pesticide stewardship issues.

Understanding any written language (“literacy”) is not the only impediment to pesticide safety. In fact, the worldwide ability to read is quite high. One has to look below the ranking of 150 out of 195 nations to reach less than 66.6% literacy levels. Ethnologue lists 6,809 living world languages. This suggests that the largest impediment to communication is often availability of training in a given language, rather than illiteracy. The six FAO languages are a good start, but only a start.

In 2008, The Pesticide Stewardship Alliance recognized the contribution of the FAO Code of Conduct for pesticide container stewardship and sought capacity building solutions to the issues of illiteracy and language diversity among users of pesticides. Arrowchase was the recipient of a grant to develop visual media to support the FAO Code. No attempt was made to alter the message of the FAO in any way, but merely to provide memorable visual cues that could be used by trainers anywhere in the world, even where translations are not available. This project is complete and will be freely available on the TPSA website.

Session 2B-C
   
Authors DENNY, Robert L.
Arrowchase Environmental Project Management, Vilnius, Lithuania
[Email: rdenny@arrowchase.com]
Title The Mandate for Sustainable, Local Treatment and Destruction Technologies for Pesticides and other Persistent Organic Pollutants

Obsolete pesticide recovery and disposal programs began in North America and Europe in the 1980’s and early 1990’s. From that time until relatively recently, the prices of fossil fuels used for both incineration and transportation of the material destined for destruction were relatively low. Adjusted to current prices, the crude oil price per barrel was $25 - $50 USD during most of this phenomenal growth in pesticide stewardship. This favorable pricing structure changed in the last decade, and now with new concerns for global warming and excess long shipping routes, there is interest in emerging technologies that not only remove the need for thermal incineration, but allow the destruction technology to physically move to the contaminated site.

Abstract
Session 5-6C
   
Authors FISHEL, F.M.1, R. Clarke2, J.L. Price2, and D.W. Dubberly3,
1Department of Agronomy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL
2Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, FL
3Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Alachua, FL
[Email: weeddr@ufl.edu]
Title

Operation Cleansweep in Florida: A History of a Successful Pesticide Disposal Option

Abstract

Operation Cleansweep is a free pesticide disposal program that has operated in Florida since 1995. The program is open to commercial facilities, including agricultural production establishments, golf course operators, and pest control companies. Since its inception, the program has had approximately 2,000 participants and collected more than 1,300,000 pounds of unused pesticides. Funding for the program has been primarily through the Florida Legislature and overseen by a steering committee represented by various state agencies, the University of Florida, and state commodity associations.

Session Poster
   
Authors GAFFNEY, Jim
BASF Corporation, Technical Marketing, 5401 Windy Gap Court, Raleigh, NC 27617
[Email: james.gaffney@basf.com]
Title Aerial Application Optimization: https://agsync.com/
Abstract

Aerial application is the number one means of applying fungicides to corn and remains a nearly equally important service for soybeans, wheat, and numerous other crops.  As the disease control and plant health segment has grown over the past five years the visibility of aerial application to those unfamiliar with agriculture has also grown.  Research and evaluation of, and investment in, various tools, technology, and services to optimize aerial application were initiated in 2008 and 2009 to meet the numerous challenges.  Investment in and evaluation of mapping technologies was initiated to determine the ability of applicators to view routes and obstacles and evaluate wind direction before leaving the ground.  Initiatives were also undertaken to improve participation in Operation SAFE (Self-regulating Application & Flight Efficiency) Fly-Ins.  Based on the results of these evaluations and initiatives, the agricultural aviation industry has the tools and technology available to meet the needs and expectations of a diverse group of customers, which include growers, regulators, and the public.

Session 5A
   
Authors HIPKINS, P. A. Hipkins, D E. Mullins, K. Gamby, and I. Sidibé
Department of Entomology, VA Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061
[Email: phipkins@vt.edu]
Title Development and Delivery of a Pesticide Safety Education Program in West Africa
Abstract

Pesticide safety education is one component of a Quality Assurance program for horticultural crops grown in West Africa. Proper pesticide use facilitates acceptance of export crops and provides abundant safe food in local markets. Pesticide safety training also protects human health and the environment.

West African agricultural scientists and educators are actively involved in curriculum development and “train-the-trainer” sessions, which prepare field agents to deliver technical information about IPM and pesticide management to farmers. Support materials include lesson plans and poster books for trainers and booklets for farmers, which are available for general distribution as PDF files and can be accessed on the West African IPM web site. Key Words: Pesticide safety education, West Africa, train-the-trainer, pesticide management

Session Poster
   
Authors JACKSON, Scott
BASF Corporation, Stewardship and Strategy, 5401 Windy Gap Court, Raleigh, NC 27617
[Email: scott.jackson@basf.com]
Title Empirical Data Used for Label Statements
Abstract

When crop protection products are released using sprayer technologies, a small fraction of spray solution may move off target. In order to ensure the safety of areas surrounding target spray zones, physical buffers may be used to ensure spray material does not reach sensitive areas. The process followed to derive spray area buffers includes models to calculate safe distances to sensitive areas. The modeling approach maybe the most practical way for determining buffer distances. Current FIFRA methodology was followed to derive physical buffer distances. Results from this examination indicate that buffer distances derived following current FIFRA methods are highly conservative, and refinements to current models is possible without risking sensitive areas.

Session 2A
   
Authors JONES, Eugene B.
Southern Waste Information eXchange, Inc. Post Office Box 960, Tallahassee, Florida 32302
[Email: gene@swix.ws]
Title Collection and Processing of Waste Agricultural Film Mulch: A Case Study from Florida
Abstract

Approximately 38 million pounds or 19,000 tons of waste agricultural plastic film mulch is generated per year in Florida. Typically this waste stream is either buried in Class 1 or 3 landfills or burned on-site in small piles within agricultural fields. While agricultural film plastic waste does not represent a large fraction of total solid wastes landfilled in the State of Florida, it is a problematic and voluminous waste stream in various counties within the State that generate large quantities of this plastic agricultural mulch. This presentation will review a pilot collection and processing project which looked at the feasibility of collecting and recycling this material. http://swix.ws

Session 3B
   
Authors KEIL, Sandra
Earth 911, Vice President for Government Relations and Industry Affairs
1375 N Scottsdale Rd Ste 360, Scottsdale, AZ 85257
[Email: skeil@earth911.com]
Title Communicating Local Pesticide Disposal Program Information to Consumers
Abstract

Since 1991, Earth911.com has partnered with government to be the one stop shop for local recycling information. Through our bi-lingual hotline 1-800 CleanUp and state of the art website, consumers can find how and where to recycling in their own neighborhoods. Earth911.com has developed the tools and resources to make it simple and efficient for government entities to upload their program information into the Earth 911 system. Within 10 minutes these updates are live. As most pesticide programs are events, Earth911.com partnered with Yahoo! to display events on the website. As government and Earth911 work together, consumers truly benefit by this partnership in having easy access to important information. http://Earth911.com

Session 2B-C
   
Authors KEIL, Sandra
Earth 911, Vice President for Government Relations and Industry Affairs
1375 N Scottsdale Rd Ste 360, Scottsdale, AZ 85257
[Email: skeil@earth911.com]
Title Industry Engagement in the Earth 911 Product Stewardship Model
Abstract

This session will explore how industry and Earth 911 can work together to develop an effective product stewardship program. Earth911 will describe opportunities for both TPSA and industry to work together to create an industry driven product stewardship program that effectively communicates proper disposal to consumers.  Earth911 recently created such a program with the paint industry and will present that as a case study. http://Earth911.com

Session 7B
   
Authors KUNDU, Soumen, Arani Chanda, Sushil K. Khetan, Deboshri Banerjee, Leticia Espinosa-Marvan Anindyo Ghosh, and Terrence J. Collins
Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh PA
[Email: skundu@andrew.cmu.edu]
Title Total Degradation of Pure and Formulated Organophosphorous Pesticides by Catalytic Oxidation with
FeIII-TAML and H2O2
Abstract

Organophosphorus (OP) insecticides account for an estimated 34% of worldwide insecticide sales and 70% of all pesticides used in the United States. The pest controlling benefits are often marred by inherent toxicity and especially by endocrine disruption associations that bring a new and troubling dimension to the health and environmental concerns of synthetic pesticides use. Existing chemical degradation approaches are expensive, difficult to use, and burdened by residual toxicity and post-treatment requirements. Thus, there is a need for an effective non-combustion degradation process for the safe and inexpensive disposal of unwanted OP pesticides

The work presented will demonstrate the efficacy of FeIII-TAML/H2O2 in oxidatively degrading pure fenitrothion, parathion, methyl chlorpyrifos, including the parent compounds and the distinctive ligand on phosphorus. We will also present a simple methodology for destroying chlorpyrifos in an emulsifiable concentrate formulation under ambient laboratory conditions to small acids and simple minerals. The effectiveness of this versatile, easy-to-use, green process was demonstrated by the significantly reduced toxicity of the final reaction mixtures as measured by Microtox® assay. Multiple analytical techniques were used to monitor the reactions and detect the end products of the oxidation process.

Session 5-6C
   
Authors LAW, S. Edward
Driftmier Engineering Center, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-4435
[Email: edlaw@engr.uga.edu]
Title Air-Assisted Electrostatic Crop Spraying Halves Pesticide Total Environmental Load
Abstract

Improved application technology, which incorporates aerodynamic energy and electric force fields to greatly enhance on-target deposition of reduced-volume and reduced-diameter pesticide sprays, achieves efficacious pest control typically using half or less active ingredient dispensed into the ecosystem…while proportionally reducing off-target drift. Fundamental physics underlying this air-assisted, electrostatic-induction, charged-spraying process dictates small droplets in the 30-40 micrometer median-diameter range in order for electric forces to exert droplet control tens-of-times greater than gravity (e.g., see video of spray charging OFF-ON-OFF-ON at www.ael.engr.uga.edu/downloads/ElectrostaticSprayingBlueberry.mpg ).

Improved application technology, which incorporates aerodynamic energy and electric force fields to greatly enhance on-target deposition of reduced-volume and reduced-diameter pesticide sprays, achieves efficacious pest control typically using half or less active ingredient dispensed into the ecosystem…while proportionally reducing off-target drift. Fundamental physics underlying this air-assisted, electrostatic-induction, charged-spraying process dictates small droplets in the 30-40 micrometer median-diameter range in order for electric forces to exert droplet control tens-of-times greater than gravity (e.g., see video of spray charging OFF-ON-OFF-ON at www.ael.engr.uga.edu/downloads/ElectrostaticSprayingBlueberry.mpg ). Unfortunately, well intentioned standards and label restrictions which set minimum values for gal/acre and droplet diameters, in an attempt to control the problems of off-target drift from conventional hydraulic-atomizing nozzles, severely impede commercial implementation of this proven alternative application technology and others. The presentation briefly reviews the scientific basis of the process, its engineering development, commercialization via U.Ga. patent licensing ( www.maxcharge.com ), and documentation of its performance as reported in over 100 refereed-journal publications spanning the past three decades. http://www.engr.uga.edu/~edlaw

Session 3A
   
Authors LEVITAN, Lois
Program Leader, Recycling Ag Plastics Project
Department of Communication, Cornell University, Ithaca NY 14853
[Email: lcl3@cornell.edu]
Title Recycling Ag Plastics Project (RAPP): Life Cycle Stewardship of Agricultural Plastics
Abstract

The Recycling Ag Plastics Project is developing infrastructure and markets for the waste film and rigid plastics that are generated from dairy, livestock, horticulture, maple syrup production and other sectors of agriculture. RAPP is working with partners from the agriculture and solid waste/recycling communities to develop full service ag plastic collection programs in New York State, and to figure out how to make these and other ag plastics recycling programs sustainable.

The collection of agricultural plastics for recycling (as well as for re-use and other value-recovery processes) has not been easy because they are typically dirtier than other used plastics, and may be contaminated by mixed resins and chemical residues. They are also bulky and widely dispersed across the rural landscape, all of which adds complexity and cost to collection. To jump these hurdles, RAPP is: (i) promoting farmer adoption of best management practices to keep ag plastic in condition to be recycled; (ii) acquiring mobile baling equipment to compact used plastic for cost-efficient transport from farms to recyclers; (iii) cultivating manufacturing markets to process used plastic into new products such as plastic lumber, roof tiles and sweet crude oil; (iv) promoting consumer purchase of products made from recycled ag plastics; and (v) facilitating an international dialog to further the product stewardship of agricultural plastics.

RAPP is a Cornell University-based collaboration with farmers and organizations, agencies and businesses representing agriculture, environmental protection, economic development, and solid waste/recycling. Funding has come from the NY Farm Viability Institute, the NYS Department of Environmental Conservation, US EPA Region 2 Pollution Prevention, USDA Rural Utilities Services/NEWMOA, USDA Hatch/Smith-Lever. On the web at http://environmentalrisk.cornell.edu/AgPlastics.

Session Poster
   
Authors MULLINS1, Donald E, Pat A Hipkins1 and Margaret I Jones2 1Department of Entomology, VA Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061
2Pesticides Section, Chemicals Management Branch, Land and Chemicals Division, US EPA Region 5, 77 West Jackson Boulevard, LC-8J, Chicago, IL 60604
[Email: mullinsd@vt.edu]
Title Development of a Training Program for Triple Rinse and Disposal of Pesticide Containers in Developing Countries
Abstract

Risks associated with exposure to pesticides from unrinsed or poorly rinsed containers are still very real in many parts of the world. Reports of illness associated with the reuse of improperly rinsed containers continue to appear. Inappropriate disposal can also lead to contamination of precious resources including drinking water sources and ecosystems. As a result, there is a need for pesticide safety programs in developing countries to educate users on the need for triple rinsing and rendering pesticide containers unusable before disposal. This process is compromised because in many parts of the world empty containers have value and are often reused with serious consequences. We are developing a “basic” triple rinsing and pesticide container destruction and disposal scenario for audiences in countries where conditions and facilities may be rudimentary.

Session Poster
   
Authors O’CONNELL, Cathryn
US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Pesticide Programs
[Email: Oconnell.Cathryn@epamail.epa.gov]
Title Overview of EPA’s PRN Notice for Pesticide Drift
Abstract The session will cover the process EPA is undertaking with the Pesticide Registration Notice (PRN) for Spray Drift Labeling, general themes of comments received and EPA's plan for moving forward with the PRN.
Session 4A
   
Authors PIERDANT, Norah Pierdant and Rene CORNELLIER
FRALMA Technologie Inc., 91, chemin des Patriotes
Saint-Mathias, Québec, Canada, J3L 6A1
[Email: rcornellier@fralma.com, npierdant@fralma.ca]
Title The FRAMLA Mobile Unit for the Destruction of Pesticides and PCB-Contaminated Oil
Abstract

The most widespread and most effective technique for destroying PCB-contaminated oil is high temperature incineration or thermal destruction. Properly employed, it allows the PCBs/PCTs contained in these oils to be effectively destroyed without endangering the environment or human health. It is particularly effective for destroying oils contaminated with high concentrations. When improperly done, there is the possibility of highly toxic and harmful dioxin and furan emissions. But a series of parameters exists to ensure that incineration is effective and that the constituents are destroyed. Temperature, gas flow, and residence time are just some of the parameters that must be scrupulously followed and observed to ensure that a destruction rate of 99.9999% and over is attained. These parameters do not change, regardless of the size of the facility involved.

So far contaminated oil with high PCBs concentration has been done by large-scale incineration plants. The FRALMA Unit presents an innovative way that can properly deal with destruction of high PCBs concentrations, in a small piece of equipment.

With the Stockholm Convention deadlines for store PCBs contaminated oil destruction just around the corner; this 1 ton/day capacity piece of equipment not only represents an economic way of destruction, but an advantage to the environment, eliminating transportation, handling and shipping costs of hazardous wastes to far locations. The prototype used during tests in Canada was built in 2002 and updated during 2005-2009. The first commercial unit to Brazil was shipped in January 2010. The commercial unit’s main components are:

  • Oil contaminated reservoir: (UN Approved) with pumping and homogenizing systems
  • Combustion chamber at 99.9%: running at 850° C with diesel and using the contaminated oil itself when it gets to the right temperature as fuel to continue the batch.
  • Destruction chamber: running at 1,200° C and destroying all furans and dioxins, offers an efficiency of 99.9999% or better. Both chambers have sealed doors to facilitate cleaning inside the chambers when necessary.
  • Exhaust and flue gas cooling tube: that lowers the temperature of the gas from 1,200 to 500° C. The cooling tube presents a unique delta to this process.
  • Dry scrubber system: that utilises zeolite cartridges to capture chlorine.
  • Detachable chimney: with samples probes to continuously read CO, HCL, CO2, O2, SO2 emissions.
  • PC controls for gas analyzer and operation: with a custom made program that offers the possibility of creating a variety of statistics, comparisons and profiles.
  • Continuous gas analyzer system
  • Diesel generator: for remote areas
Session 5-6C and Poster
   
Authors PRZEPIORA, A.1, Seech, A.2 and Mueller, J.3
1Adventus Canada, Waterloo, ON, Canada
2Adventus Americas, Corona Del Mar, CA
3Adventus Americas, Freeport, IL
[Email: andrzej.przepiora@adventusgroup.com]
Title Remediation of Soils Impacted by Organochlorine Pesticides Using the DARAMEND® Technology  
Abstract

DARAMEND® is an advanced biological treatment technology for soil, sediment and solid wastes contaminated with recalcitrant organic compounds. When applied to organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), the key to this remedial approach is composition of the DARAMEND soil amendment and application of repeated and sequential anoxic and oxic conditions to the soil matrix. The patented soil amendment is comprised of plant fiber-based organic material and reduced, micro-scale iron. The treatment results in the sequential reductive dechlorination and aerobic biodegradation of chlorinated organic compounds. The amendment is typically applied at low rates (i.e.; <4% w/w) and therefore causes very little, if any, bulking of the soil volume following treatment. Over the last 15 years, the technology has been used successfully for in-situ and ex-situ treatment of soils contaminated with a range of OCPs, including HCHs, DDT, toxaphene, 2,4-D, atrazine, dieldrin and metolachlor at sites in North America and Europe.

This presentation will include an overview of treatment mechanisms for OCP degradation using DARAMEND. In addition, results from recent field applications of the technology will be presented.

Session 5-6C
   
Authors RACK, Ralph, USAID/Deliver Project [Email: rrack@jsi.com]
Title 100 Million Replacement Long-Lasting Insecticide-Treated Bed Nets (LNs) to be Distributed by the End of 2010: Are the Old Ones a Potential Threat?
Abstract

International efforts to scale up malaria control have greatly expanded LN coverage with over 60,000,000 LNs distributed in 2008 and an estimated 250,000,000 additional LNs to be distributed by 2010. What does this possibly mean? What are people currently doing with their old nets, when they strop using these nets for sleeping? Are they thrown away or used for other purposes. What benefits and risks arise from these other uses? If there are harmful effects from these old nets, they are already occurring on a large and rapidly expanding scale.

The global public health community needs to urgently explore options for LNs eventual fate that are environmentally, socially and economically acceptable.

A demonstration project of environmentally-sound management (ESM) of LNs, is currently being developed to explore whether and when expired nets are an issue and identify options to prevent the potential impact of expired nets and promote a life-cycle approach to product management.

In addition, a number of LN manufacturers are exploring options for identifying and tracking LNs to ease collection and redistribution and investigating possible recycling options. They are also looking at limiting the environmental impact of net distribution by developing biodegradable bags and non-bag distribution options. This presentation will share preliminary findings from the demonstration project and highlight other initiatives that may provide options for limiting the potential adverse impacts of this life-saving intervention.

Session Poster
   
Authors RAMSAY, Carol
Extension Pesticide Education Specialist, ?Washington State University, ?Pullman, WA
[Email: ramsay@wsu.edu]
Title Temperature Inversions
Abstract

Label references to temperature inversions vary greatly and there is a need to standardize a reasonable statement that captures the concerns for the level of the inversion as well as the length of the inversion.  Different label statements will be shared and discussed in an open forum.

Session 6A
   
Authors RIGGS, Jennifer Lynn
Product Development Manager, Bayer CropScience.
 
Title Seed Treatment: Innovation Driven, Environmental Friendly, Committed to Plant Health
Abstract

Seed Treatment is often forgotten when the conversation turns to concerns with agricultural pesticides. In their own right, seed treatments should be considered environment and worker friendly. The application of a treatment to the seed has been described by some as an art and by others as a science. It is probably a little of each. Specialized equipment is used to deliver very small quantities of active ingredients to the surface of a seed, which in some instances is no larger than the point of a ballpoint pen. Advances in application technology have resulted in very little exposure to workers in seed conditioning plants. Since seed is normally planted into soil there is little chemical transported into the air. Beyond the advancement in application technology, the chemicals used as seed treatments have evolved since the days of the contact elements. Seed treatments can be applied at rates of active ingredients per seed, assuring protection to each seed planted, as well as minimizing environmental contact. While no system is fail proof, the advancement in seed treatments by several recent innovations can reduce the risk of unwanted exposure of pesticides to the environment.

Session 1A
   
Authors SHIMME, Kaoru1, Kohei Takase2, Munehito Mizuno2, Akemi Okawa1
1Radicalplanet Research Institute Co. Ltd., Nagoya-City, Japan
2Sumitomo Heavy Industries Techno-Fort Co. Ltd.
[Email: kor-shimme@radicalplanet.co.jp]
Title Radicalplanet® Technology (RPT): Alternative Technology for Destruction of Obsolete Pesticides
Abstract

RPT uses a mechano-chemical principle to destroy obsolete pesticides. The treatment occurs in a concrete vessel where steel balls and a detoxification agent, such as CaO, are placed prior to the introduction of the wastes. The vessels are then sealed and placed on the RadicalPlanet machine for rotation. As the steel balls crash into each other, the bonds of the POPs and CaO molecules are broken by mechanical energy. This process transforms these organo-compounds into their “radical” state by use of the “planetary mill” principal.

Chlorinated hydrocarbons are chemically altered into CaCl2 and non-chlorinated organic compounds. No effluent or off-gases are generated from this treatment process. The toxic equivalent of the end product is less than 1 pg-TEQ/g and the destruction removal efficiency (DRE) is over 99.9999%. Full-scale applications of this technology have been conducted in Japan.

Session 5-6C
   
Authors SPARKS, Charles (Chuck)
President, Think Plastics
New Hamburg, Ontario, Canada (1-519-662-6665)
[Email: chuck@thinkplastics.ca]
Title Think Plastics/Baleboard: Ag Film Collections Organized by a Plastics Manufacturer
Abstract Think Plastics Inc. is an innovative privately owned Canadian company based in New Hamburg, Ontario, Canada. The company collects used white agricultural bale wrap and greenhouse film from across Ontario and using a revolutionary process, recycles the material into two finished products: Baleboard® and Nusheet.  Think Plastics is making a significant positive impact on Ontario’s environment while producing “green” products for the commercial, industrial, agricultural, marine and residential markets. More at: www.thinkplastics.ca and  www.baleboard.ca.
Session 1B, 3B and Display
   
Authors WALTZ, Clint
Extension Turfgrass Specialist, University of Georgia Turf Grass Management, Griffin, GA
[Email: cwaltz@uga.edu]
Title Perceptions and Reality: Pesticide Use on Golf Courses
Abstract

Golf course superintendents endeavor to provide a quality playing surfaces while being environmental stewards. These two objectives are not mutually exclusive. From some groups a misperception exists that pesticides must be utilized to achieve high quality, visually attractive golf courses. While pesticides are used, they serve the golf course superintendent as a tool in overall turfgrass management. Similar to basic agronomic principles, like mowing and aerification are part of an overall turfgrass management program. In this presentation, a brief history of pesticide use along with the pervasive IPM philosophies for golf course management will be presented. Additionally, common approaches to pest management, including holistic views of the turfgrass ecosystem and impacts of the system on pesticide use, will be discussed. The participant will depart with an understanding that pesticides may be judiciously used on golf course but use is specific, appropriate, and superintendents use an environmental awareness to direct their overall pest management programs.

Session 5-7D
   
Authors WOLF, Bob
Extension Specialist, Application Technology, Kansas State University, BAE Dept.
[Email: rewolf@ksu.edu]
Title Comparisons of Drift Reduction Products
Abstract

A field study using an Air Tractor 502A configured with CP-11TT (#15) flat-fan nozzles flying at an average speed of 156 MPH was used to compare ten drift control products for downwind horizontal and vertical drift characteristics. Results of the study show that drift control/deposition aid products added to the tank mix do affect the amount of horizontal and vertical spray drift for the application scenarios and operating conditions used. Results indicate that several products tended to result in more downwind deposits when compared to water while others reduced the amount of downwind drift deposits. Significant differences were found.

Session Poster
   
Authors WU, Qinglin
School of Renewable Natural Resources
Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70803
[Email: qwu@agcenter.lsu.edu]
Title Tiger Bullets – A Potential Outlet for Used Ag Plastic Films
Abstract

TigerBullets® is a coarse-sized plugging material used to bridge and seal permeable formations in water, oil, or synthetic based drilling fluid (mud) systems. It can be used for lost circulation control and as additives for cementing operation. TigerBullets® does not affect rheological properties of the mud. Laboratory Permeability Plugging Test (PPT) shows that the material can lead to a quick seal of the crack, and thus lower the spurt and overall filtration losses. The material helps reduce torque and drag by increasing lubricity during field applications.

Session Poster (Poster-Presentation Session 1B)
   
Authors ZEEB, Barbara A.1 and A. Rutter2
1Royal Military College of Canada, Department of Chemistry & Chemical Engineering Kingston, ON, Canada
2Queen’s University
[Email: zeeb-b@rmc.ca]
Title Practical Aspects of Phytoextraction: Six Years of Field Studies at Sites Historically Contaminated with Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
Abstract

It has now been repeatedly demonstrated that certain plants, in particular some Cucurbits, have the ability to take up and store significant concentrations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), such as PCBs and DDT, in their shoots. Further work has investigated the effects of soil amendments and growing conditions on POP uptake, and the mechanisms of POP uptake by plants. These studies have resulted in some significant successes in POPs phytoextraction; - soil concentration of POPs has been observed to decrease significantly after 2-3 plantings and accumulations of POPs concentrations in parts of the plant shoot have been observed that are greater than or equal to that of the soil. Given these successes, it is important to now consider some of the more practical aspects of phytoextraction that need to be understood before this technology can be successfully implemented at the commercial scale.

The goal of phytoextraction is to reduce the mass of contaminated solids for transport and treatment offsite. In order for this to occur, the final phytoextraction-generated plant material must have a higher contaminant concentration than the original contaminated soil. If the harvested shoot material consistently achieves contaminant concentrations greater than the original soil contaminant concentration, disposal of contaminated vegetation directly will be more economical than disposal of the contaminated soil. Moreover, composting of phytoextraction-generated plant waste reduces the mass of the contaminated plant matter, thereby increasing the contaminant concentration and further decreasing transportation and treatment costs. We will report on the degradation of PCB congeners during composting.

Since PCB phytoextraction takes place in situ, another practical issue that must be accounted for is the effects of the phytoextraction process on the surrounding natural environment. Since the root exudates of some C. pepo plants have been shown to increase the aqueous solubility of certain POPs, it is possible that growth of these plants in POPs-contaminated soil could increase POPs bioavailability to non-target organisms. Our current studies at two field sites in Ontario are looking at the impact of phytoextraction activities on PCB bioavailability to native soil invertebrates.

Finally, a challenge of studying POPs is that the analysis of plant material is expensive and time consuming. We focussed on determining the minimum number of samples required for analysis of a whole plant and from which part of the plant these samples should be collected. Keywords: phytoextraction, polychlorinated biphenyls, field studies, Cucurbita pepo

Session 5-6C
   




Many Thanks to TPSA’s 2010 Conference Sponsors!
The Adventus Group logo image Care Environmental Corp. logo image Clean Harbors  
Container Services Network logo image  
Effective Environment logo image Institute for Green Science logo image
Micro Matic logo image

Monsanto logo image

 
National Agriculture Aviation Association logo image


PSC logo image United States EPA Seal image  
   

2 plenaries with keynote presentations & discussion panels • 26 breakout sessions & roundtables • 3 receptions & other networking opportunities • CEU credits in FL, GA, NC, SC • member meeting • an international gathering with participants from at least 6 countries